Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
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Gandhi is an inspiration to all leaders!
Gandhi (Listen) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa or total nonviolence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history. Mohandas Gandhi
- A rebel for a just cause
- Father and friend
- A leader with unshakable values
- A willing martyr for his followers
Born in a Middle-class Family 2. Oktober 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. Had religious parents. Was stealing to buy cigarettes. Married at the age of 13 his 13-year old wife. At the age of 16, he had a conflict with duty and responsibility that changed his life forever. This was the initiation. At the age of 17, he went to London to study law and become an English gentleman. He finished law school but was afraid to practice. He could not even speak on his first case in front of the judge.
He got a job offer from South Africa and booked a first class train ticket to Victoria. The conductor threw him off the train at the next station because of his skin color.
That night he took up the challenge to fight for discrimination to stop.
By the age of 24, he had grown to a man with a destiny to fight for the right of all Indian and black people.
In 1890, the white man ruled over the black man.
Gandhi started by thinking: “If we change the law we change the people.”
He started by building communities and treating everyone equal.
As he served in the Zulu war, he realized that he needed to change with his dominating way. Gandhi changed his marriage and respected his wife like never before. At the age of 39, he took an oath for celibacy to prove to himself and everyone else that he was serious about changing.
In India, it was the law that all women had to strip in front of the English rulers in order to register all body-marks.
Gandhi stood up and said: “I will make a vow to go to prison till this law is changed”
An unprecedented event of mass civil disobedience was launched. There was no retaliation from the people treated with violence. Gandhi launched the nonviolent movement successfully.
In 1913, a law was passed that invalidated Muslim and Hindu marriages.
Gandhi stood up again and said – “NO!”
Under the leadership of Gandi, thousands of people laid down their jobs till the law was changed.
In 1915, 300.000 Indians were slaves under the English government.
Gandhi inspired people to stand up for human rights.
In 1919, the English made a law against mass public gatherings. In one of the towns, 200 people had gathered for a meeting when the army came and opened a fire that killed 379 and wounded over 1000 people in 10 minutes. They only stopped shooting because the ammunition was used up. With a population advantage of 4000 to 1, they could have overpowered the English in a few days. Gandhi wanted a nonviolent movement! Indians wanted revenge. Gandhi stepped up and never allowed violence to be a solution.
He said they are our friends and need as much liberation as we do.
Within 3 years, he created a mass movement that united Muslims and Hindus and became a man with a simple lifestyle.
- He became the poorest of the poor.
- He even made his own clothes.
People saw him as the unquestioned leader of 300 million Indians for 25 years.
At the age of 61, he changed the Salt law.
In 1930, he walked with 80 followers to the ocean to collect salt. This was illegal for Indians at that time. But again he stood up and said: “NO!” He traveled only 8 miles a day and let momentum build. As he reached the ocean after many days of traveling, hundreds of thousands where with him at the shore to get salt. They sold their self-made salt and where put in jail. Also Gandhi was put in jail.
The English government was beating Indians in public. Then the world leaders stepped in and listened to Gandhi. His massage became stronger than ever.
Gandhi’s message: We shall either free India or die!
Again he was arrested. He led the movement 2 years from prison.
When India became free, violence took over and Muslims and Hindus started local fights. When Gandhi was shot on January 30th,1948 (age 78) in New Delhi, the violence stopped.
Christ gave me the message, Gandhi gave me the method. Martin Luther King